The thyroid gland is located below the Adam’s apple and is responsible for producing hormones that regulate the body’s metabolism and the body energy levels.
Many people are faced with thyroid problems and the common thyroid disorders include: the overactive thyroid-a condition that is commonly referred to as hyperthyroidism, the underactive thyroid-also known as hyperthyroidism and the third condition is known as thyroid nodules.
The three conditions affect a majority of the population and the older generation being the most vulnerable. However, there are medications available to the sufferers of the condition that they can use to cure their conditions. However there is little help to the sufferers of this condition because a majority of them are not aware of the problem.
The underactive thyroid-hypothyroidism
This is the most common among the thyroid disorders and is caused by Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. Here the body’s immune system attacks the thyroid gland mistakenly and this leads to the condition.
The symptoms associated with the condition include but are not limited to: a dry skin and hair, heavy menstrual periods, constipation, slowed thinking and speech, fatigue, weight loss and feeling cold. If you exhibit most of these symptoms then you are most likely suffering from this particular disorder. Diagnosis of the disorder is fairly easy compared to the other forms of disorders.
Patients with this disorder normally contain a high level of serum TSH- a thyroid stimulating hormone. When this elevated level is detected after exhibiting these symptoms, the diagnosis is proof of the disorder and the doctor can prescribe the medication to help improve the condition to the required level.
The treatment of the disorder is fairly easy too and the patient is required to take a pill that contains the thyroid hormone. The prescription is to have a single pill daily and the condition should improve after a few months and the symptoms disappear in the same period too.
When the symptoms start to clear a regular medical check should help identify if the problem is getting in check a normal TSH level shows that the condition is getting better.